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UNESCO Patrimony

The wooden churches from Maramures gathers eight monuments listed in 1999 in the UNESCO world:

Barsana, 1720, dedication day – Virgin Mary's Entrance in the Church has a rectangular plan with a five sides abse, bellfry on the pronave and roof with a double hem.

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Protected Areas

In Romania, the protected areas cover 1,254,660 ha, meaning 5.26%.
There are 844 protected areas with status of:

national parks – 298,465 ha (23.82%): Rodna Mountains, Ceahlau Mountains, Bicazului-Hasmas Gorge, Macinului Mountains, Piatra Craiului Mountains, Cozia Mountains, Retezat Mountains, Domogled-Valea Cernei Mountains, Nera Gorge – Beusnita Gorge, Semenic – Caras Gorge etc.

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Churches with Exterior Paintings

The exterior painted frescoes of Bucovina's churches (Suceava County) appeared as an isolated phenomenon in the 16th century, and especially in Petru Rares's times. The number of monuments with such decoration was greater, but today only six are preserved: Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Rasca, Sucevita and Voronet. Important traces can also be seen at Probota, Baia, Patrauti, Sfantu Ilie near Suceava and Suceava (Sf. Gheorghe – St. John the New Monastery).

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The Carpathiens

Placed in a circle, they surround a high plateau 400 – 600 m in height with a hilly look, and are guarded by a depressions chain. The Carpathians have altitudes sometimes higher than 2.,000 m, and the main peaks go over 2,500 m.

Three large Carpathic units are to be found on the Romania's territory: the Oriental Carpathians (the Eastern), the Meridional Carpathians, the Occidental Carpathians

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The Black Sea Coast

Those 240 km of Romanian Black Sea Coast are divided in two sectors in accordance with the relief: a northern one – Chilia Arm – Midia Cape with low relief (sandy belts, sand banks, beaches), and a southern one – Midia Cape – Vama Veche with high sea walls (40-60 m) interrupted by the lagoons and firths.

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The Danube Delta

The newest and lowest Romania's territory with a relief permanently under change. It is the second large Delta in Europe. The minimum altitude is –36 m on Chilia Arm, and maximum +13 m on the dunes from Letea dry bank.
The Danube Delta has a surface of 2,590 km2, including both dry land (around 15%) and swampy land with lakes and streams.

The main arms of the Danube – Chilia, Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe – are the results of the water separation at Ceatalul Izmail (Chilia in Chilia Arm, Tulcea Arm, this last one being divided at Ceatalul Sf. Gheorghe in Sulina Arm and Sf. Gheorghe Arm).

An own Delta is developed after Chilia Veche Village, having many divergent arms (Mississippi type).

Through three canals – Lipoveni, Dunavat and Dranov, it is connected to the lacustrian area Razelm – Sinoe .

For all these, the Danube Delta and Razelm area were declared Biosphere Reserve.