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History & Legend


The territory of Romania has been inhabited since the Paleolithic period.
Present-day Romania was first inhabited by the Dacians, fierce warriors subdued by the Romans under Traian in two extremely difficult campaigns at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. The relatively brief Roman occupation, 165 years, nevertheless left us a lasting legacy the Latin language which survived the many subsequent invasions of migratory peoples.

Over the years a Romanian identity progressively developed, during the 13th and 14th centuries the feudal states of Wallachia and Moldavia were estableshed. Centuries of struggles against the Turks ensued in these states. Meanwhile Transylvania was successively occupied by the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. Finally Moldavia and Wallachia were united in 1859, independence was achieved in 1877 and union with Transylvania in 1918.

Communist rule established after the World War II, lasted 45 years, and it was ended by the December revolution of 1989.

Medieval Towns ( Click! to read more )

Castles, Fortresses and Strongholds ( Click! to read more )

Vlad the Impaler -Dracula legend Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler) was the second sun of another Wallachia Voivode, Vlad Dracul (1436-1442, 1443-1447) and Mircea the Old's grandson. He was the Voivode of Wallachia for three times: in the autumn of 1448, between 1456 and1462, and in November – December 1476. Between 1442 and 1448, the Ottomans, on the custom of those times, kept him prisoner.

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