Romania Travel
English >> Cluj

Cluj

Cluj-Napoca is the capital of Cluj County and one of the historical Capital of Transylvania.
Cluj – Napoca is located in the center of Transylvania, being surrounding in three parts by hills and hillocks with heights between 500 and 825 meters and guarded by Feleac Hill. The city is crossed by rivers Somes Mic and Nadas, as well as several brooks: Tiganilor brook, Morilor Channel, Popesti Brook, Nadasel Brook, Chinteni Brook, Becas Brook, Muratorii Brook.

 

Cluj Napoca is distinguished by its natural reservations:

  • Finatele Cluj – due to its extremely varied flora is one of the most interesting botanical reserves in the country. Located in the north part of the city Cluj-Napoca and crossed by the brook Valea Calda, it has over 450 plant species similar to the steppes of southern Ukraine.
  • Turda Gorge Natural Reservation – created in 1938, the reservation is one of the most important natural monuments in Cluj county. The diversity of the relief provided the necessary conditions for a characteristic flora and fauna: wild garlic, iris, species of ferns etc.
  • Lacul Stiucii reservation – is a natural lake with fresh and clear water created after a process of salt dissolving. The vegetation that surrounds the lake provides the necessary conditions of developing a rich flora and fauna and offers a stop place for the migrating birds.

Other important touring attractions in Cluj-Napoca are:

  • Botanical Garden – inside which is a valuable botanical museum.
  • Franciscan Monastery and Church – are among the oldest buildings in Cluj County and they were built between 1728-1745 on the place of an old church dating from1272.
  • Minorita Church – was built with the support of Queen Maria Theresa since 1779, at the request the of the Minorit order who had been settled in Cluj in 1486.
  • St. Michael Church – the chapel was built between 1350-1487 on the place of St. James Chapel and it is one of the most valuable monuments of Gothic architecture in Transylvania. The altar was created around 1390 year and the tower was built in 1860. The wall paintings were made in the XV century and the stained glass and sculptures are well preserved.
  • Reformed Church – built with the help of Matthias Corvinus in the second half of the XV century for the Franciscan monks, the dwelling is one of the most massive Gothic buildings in Transylvania. The church holds unique pieces like the pulpit dating from 1646, the wood furniture dating from XV century created by artisans from Bistriţa county, the organ built in 1766 in Rococo style, various religious objects, icons etc.
  • Metropolitan Church of Cluj, Alba, Crisana and Maramures county – one of the ten Orthodox Metropolitans Churches of the Romanian, founded on November 4, 2005.
  • Matei Corvin House – is another historic monuments in Cluj build in the XV century. Here was born in 1443 Matthias Corvinus. After the successive renovations, the building was restored in the initial form.
  • The defense walls of Cluj – in the XIII century were built the first defensive walls of the city of Cluj equipped with observation towers. Two centuries later, were built with the assistance of craftsmen, other walls of stone, with entrance gates and watchtowers to protect the old fortress. Today, we can admire pieces of fortification like the Firefighters and Tailors' Bastion Tower, which survived among the centuries in their original form.